Study to shew thyself approved unto God, a workman that needeth not to be ashamed, rightly dividing the word of truth. 2 Tim. 2:15

King James AV1611


Romans was taught by Dr. James Modlish



Outline For The Chapter:

The results of righteousness - rejoicing

I. Rejoicing in our spiritual position (1,2)

A. Sense of complete assurance - peace with God

B. Provision for constant supply - access by grace
C. Confident anticipation - to share the glory of God

II. Rejoicing in our present sufferings (3-10)

A. The Christian response to trouble

B. The reasons why we rejoice (3,4)
[1]. Knowing suffering (tribulation) produces
    (a). Endurance (patience)
    (b). Character (experience)
    (c). Hope
    (d). Boldness (maketh not ashamed)

[2]. Comes because of the love of God (5-8)
    (a). Without strength
    (b). Sinners
    (c). God loved us
    (d). Much more now (9,10)

III. Rejoicing in our mighty redeemer (11-21)

A. Where we began "in Adam" (11-14)

[1]. Sin and death came through one man

[2]. Death proves the fact of sin (13,14)

    (a). Before the law

    (b). Even over those unaccountable

B. The greater parallel "in Christ" (15-19)

[1]. Adam's trespass brought a single experience of death to all in him. Christ brings the free gift of eternal life. Adam earned his death, but you cannot earn eternal life (15).

[2]. One trespass of Adam produced condemnation and quilt in all. Sin is paid for and wiped out by justification in Christ (16).

[3]. Because of Adam, death reigned over all men. Because of Jesus Christ, all who receive grace and righteousness reign in life now (17).

[4]. Adam gave us a gift sin and condemnation, Adam earned it. Christ offers us a gift... he earned it (18).

[5]. Also sin is not an option for those in Adam - it is inevitable; to be righteous is not an option for those in Christ it is inevitable (19).

C. The parallel between law and grace (20,21)
[1]. Law did its work
    (a). The offense abounded
    (b). Made sin reign by death

[2]. Grace abounded
    (a). Reigned through the gift of righteousness
    (b). To produce eternal life through Jesus Christ





5:1 "Being justified by faith" (Rom. 3:20,28)

5:2 "We have access" - (Eph. 2:18; Heb. 10:19; 4:16). Rejoice in hope of the glory of God." - (Tit. 2:13; Col. 1:23)

5:3 "Glory in tribulations" - (2 Cor. 12:9; 11:30) "Worketh patience" - (Ja. 1:3; 2 Pet. 1:6). God is never in a hurry. The older you get, the more you realize "to everything there is a time and a purpose" (Eccl. 3).

5:4 Experience is trouble. A person that is patient will gain experience in that he will see the problem or trouble through. When looking for a mechanic "with experience", you want someone who has successfully encountered the troubles a mechanic encounters: burnt hands, scraped knuckles, rust, dirt, frustrations, innovations, grease, oil and an aching back.

"Experience, hope..." - it has to get better! (It will!) ... That hope makes us not ashamed to be part of the cause of Christ. (Phil. 1:20). Because of the love of God.

"Love of God" - (Eph. 3:19)

5:6 "Without strength" - Without Christ, without hope; without God, (Eph. 2:12), without understanding, (Rom. 1:30); without excuse, (Rom. 1:20)

5:7 "...for a righteous man" - referring to a man's external appearance; "good man" -inwardly (humanly speaking)

5:8 The comparison is made, who would die for a righteous mail? 'bout a good man? ... Christ died for his enemies! (Rom. 5:10; Col. 1:21).

5:9 We are justified by faith (verse 1) in the blood (verse 9). "Justified by his blood" - (Rom. 4:25; Eph. 1:7; Col. 1:14; 1 Pet. 1:18,19; Heb. 9:12).

"We shall be saved" - There are three aspects of salvation and sanctification. We were saved (sanctified) (Heb. 10:14). Verse (11) says we have, past tense, received the atonement. This salvation delivers us from the penalty and punishment due sin. (Jn. 17:17; 15:3; 1 Tim. 4: 5). There is a daily salvation or sanctification as we are delivered from the power of sin in our daily lives. (Rom. 7:23-8:8 - Present tense. There is ultimate sanctification (Rom. 5:9) or salvation, (1 Thess. 5:23), where we shall be delivered from the presence of sin. Salvation and justification are not the same thing.

"Wrath" - 2nd Coming of Christ in Judgment, the wrath of God in Hell.

5:10 "We were enemies" - (Col. 1:21, 2 Cor. 5:17-20)

Reconciliation - definition, restoration to harmony or friendship.

Reconcile - definition, to cause to be friendly again. To cause to be no longer at variance. Synonym - Reunite, pacify, appease

"Saved by his life" - The fact that Christ is alive secures our salvation. When Jesus dies we are in trouble. (See 1 Cor. 15:16-19)

5:11 "We have received the atonement." - Past tense, eternal security, (1 Jn. 5:13; 1 Cor. 1:18)

"Atonement" - means to be atonement.

5:12 "By one man" - (Gen. 3:6)

"Death by sin" - (Gen. 2:17)

"All have sinned" - (Rom. 3:10,23 and notes)

5:13 See notes on Chapter (4:15 and 7:8,9). Note that verses (13-17) are in a parenthesis. See (2:13-15).

Where there is no knowledge of sin,

[1]. no law written on a man's heart (2:15) or

[2]. no written law in the tables of stone (2:12), even though a man is born in Adam, if he honestly has no knowledge of good and evil, he is not accountable for his sin, (Rom. 4:8).

This accounts for babies, mentally handicapped people, mongoloids, etc., and also if there were a "heathen" who was honestly innocent. God is not looking to condemn but to save. (Lk. 19:10; 2 Pet. 3:9). "Sin is not imputed where there is no law."

5:14 "Nevertheless" imputation or not, death still reigned and does even for those who aren't accountable ...babies, etc. Adam is a figure (I Peter 3:21), a type or picture, of him who is to come. (Lk. 3:38; 1 Cor. 15:45).

5:15 "But not as .... is the free gift." There is an inequality presented. Adam earned us, by his works, our death, yet Christ offers to us our free gift, we don't have to earn it. Christ earned for us eternal life.

  1. Note that the "many" that "be dead" are the "many" that the grace abounds to. There is no "limited atonement" in this verse.

5:16 The inequality of verse (15) goes into verse (16). Adam committed one sin, but Christ's payment covers many offenses, the "many" of verse (16). This can be looked at another way. All of Adam's successors followed in the paths of sin, so naturally you would conclude that all of Christ's seed would follow in his righteousness... yet they don't! Note "free gift" - (verse 15,16,18).

5:17 "They which receive" - (Jn. 1:11,12)
"Gift of righteousness" - (Rom. 4:5)

5:18 If one were to blame God for the mess man finds himself in, God has shoulders wide enough to carry the responsibility, for in fact he personally has taken upon himself to undo the wrong he allowed to transpire. He paid the price for redemption.

5:19 "Many" - verse 15

"The obedience of one" - (Phil. 2:8; Heb. 5:8,9). Salvation is by works, his works! We are to trust in what he did for us.(Rom. 5:8, Heb. 9:12).

5:20 "The law entered that" - (Rom. 3:19, Gal. 3:24; Heb. 7:19; Gal. 2:16)

"Grace did ... abound" - (1 Tim. 1:13,14)

5:21 Some day we will have Christ's actual physical nature as well as his spiritual nature.

"Life" - (5:10,17,18)

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