Study to shew thyself approved unto God, a workman that needeth not to be ashamed, rightly dividing the word of truth. 2 Tim. 2:15

King James AV1611


Romans was taught by Dr. James Modlish



Outline of the Chapter: "What must I do to be saved?" (1-13)

I. Israel's Failure (1-4)

A. Though Paul prayed for it.

B. Though the Jews zealously desired it.
C. They missed it because of ignorance.
D. They clung to the Law and rejected Christ.

II. The Steps to Salvation (5-9)

A. Realize God's righteousness is necessary.

B. Abandon all hope of securing righteousness yourself.
C. Realize that the answer is in the Word of God.
D. Acknowledge the Lordship of Christ
E. Believe in His resurrection.

III. The Explanation of It (10)

A. God sees the heart and imputes righteousness.

B. Man confesses his willingness to surrender to the righteousness of Jesus Christ.

IV. The Availability of It (11-13)

A. Open to all that believe.

B. Open to all that call upon him.

God's Efforts to Reach Mankind (10:14-31)

I. What lies behind man's call? (14,15)

A. To call, one must believe.

B. To believe, one must hear.
C. To hear, one must preach.
D. To preach, one must be sent.

II. The Puzzle of Unbelief (16-21)

A. Isaiah experienced it. (Isa. 53)

B. Jesus Christ is the issue.
C. There is no excuse .... ; "their sound went into all the earth."
D. Provided with clear examples:
[1]. Moses a foolish nation shall find me.
[2]. Isaiah people that sought me not will find me.

E. God waits ... for He is longsuffering.




Romans Chapter Ten continues the discussion of salvation, specifically with reference to Israel according to the flesh. Chapter Nine ends telling us that Israel followed after the law of righteousness (9:31), but failed the test. The reason for the failure was that they tried to please God in the flesh with works, rather than please him by faith as their father Abraham had. When the intended object of their faith arrived, namely the Messiah, the stumbling stone, they rejected him. Chapter Ten begins here .......


10:1 Paul never lost his burden for the salvation of his kinsman according to the flesh. The Book of Acts records Paul's numerous attempts to reach the "Jew first, and also to the Greek", (Rom. 1:16).

10:2 "...they have a zeal of God..." - (Acts 21:20; 22:3), "...but not according to knowledge." - (2 Tim. 3:7; Amos 2:4; Hos. 4:1; Isa. 5:13)

10:3 (Rom. 9:30-32. Eze. 33:12)

10:4 " . . Christ is the end of the law. . . " - (2 Cor. 3:13, 14; Jn. 1:17; Lk. 16:16).

" everyone that believeth.. for those that do not believe they are still under the law. (Rom. 7:4; 6:2,14)

10:5 "...shall live in them..." Quoted from (Lev. 18:5), see also (Neh. 9:29; Gal. 3:12). The righteousness of the law was keeping the law blamelessly, but that righteousness was never good enough ... (9:32).

10:6 The righteousness of faith is different from the Old Testament righteousness found under the law, (Rom. 4:5; 3:30). The idea in the verse is this, "Do not say to yourself, for me to believe this doctrine, I must first go to Heaven and find out for myself." If you say that in your heart, it is as though you were to bring Christ down, nullifying the truth because of your lack of faith.

The quotation is from (Deut. 30:11-14). Read the complete context to the end of (Deut. 30).

10:7 "The deep" - the sea in (Deut. 30:13). Will man search the bottom of the ocean looking for some fact to prove that (Gen. 1:1) is a lie? Yes he will; the telescope and the microscope are two tools used in man's attempt to prove there is no God. Man's first trip to the moon cost $25 billion. The results found no life on the moon. The men returned with 47 lbs. of rocks for their efforts. "That is, to bring up Christ again from the dead. (Deut. 30:20), for he is thy life."!!!

10:8 Don't go to the moon and don't go to the bottom of the ocean to find the truth.

"The word is nigh.... in thy mouth, and in thy heart..." It is the "word of faith, which we preach."

10:9 "Confess" - (Matt. 10:32; Lk. 12:8)

"...The Lord" (God) "Jesus" (Savior) ...

"...Believe in thine heart..." - (1 Sam. 16:7; Ps. 44:21; Pro. 21:2; Jer. 17:10; Rom. 2:29; 6:17; 2 Tim. 2:22).
"...Thou shalt be saved..." - (Jn. 10:9; 5:24; Acts 16:30, 4:12).

10:10 "...with the heart man believeth..." Belief is an act of faith done in the heart, the seat of affections, (Col. 3:2).

(Mk. 7:21; Matt. 12:34,35; Jn. 12:42,43; Acts 5:41)

10:11 "the scripture saith" - (Isa. 28:16)

"Ashamed" - (Rom. 1:16; 9:33; Mk. 8:38; Lk. 12:8)

10:12 "There is no difference" - implies there was (Jn. 4:22; Isa. 2:1-3) and still is outside of Jesus Christ. There is no difference only in Christ, (1 Cor. 10:32).

10:13 "Call upon the name of the Lord" - (Gen. 4:26; Acts 9:14; 1 Cor. 1:2; 2 Tim. 2:22).

"Shall be saved" - compare with (Joel 2:32; Acts 2:21).

10:14 Note the order: send (verse 15) a preacher, so that they

10:15 might hear (verse 14), that they might believe, that they may call upon him.

" it is written..." (Isa. 52:7; Nah. 1:15; Eph. 6:15).

10:16 Obeying the gospel is believing, (Rom. 16:26; Acts 15:9; Jn. 6:29) "They" -Israel

"For Esaias said" - (Isa. 53:1; Jn. 12:38).

10:17 (Ps. 119:50; Pro. 20:12; Ja. 1:21; 1 Jn. 5:4; Jn. 5:24 "hearing"; 1 Pet. 1:23; Ja. 1:18).

10:18 "Have they not heard" - see (Ps. 19:1-5; Rom. 1; Ps. 98:2; Tit. 2:11; Jn. 1:9). The verse teaches us that the gospel (in a sense) is known without any man preaching the truth.

10:19 Israel should not be ignorant of this ... it was prophesied! (Deut. 32:21; Hos. 1:9,10. See also Rom. 11:11,14; Acts 28:28).

10:20 "Esaias is very bold" - Isaiah 65:1,2.

10:21 "Gainsaying" (definition) - to contradict; to deny; to dispute; to forbid. (Titus 1:9)

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