Study to shew thyself approved unto God, a workman that needeth not to be ashamed, rightly dividing the word of truth. 2 Tim. 2:15

King James AV1611



The Ten Commandments was taught by Dr. James Modlish

The Fourth Commandment
Remember the Sabbath day, to keep it holy (Ex. 20:8)

I. Introduction:

What is the Sabbath? The Sabbath traditionally is the 7th day of the week. To the Jew the Sabbath begins Friday evening at 6 p.m. and and goes to Saturday evening 6 p.m. The Bible teaches that the day was a special day and certain rules were to be observed. The Sabbath is generally regarded as a day of rest where work was completely restricted. (Ex. 31:15; 35:3; Num. 15:32; Jer. 17:21)

Contrary to common belief the Sabbath was not always kept on the 7th day. (Ex. 12:16; Lev. 23:39; Jn. 19:31)

A Sabattarian is one who believes that the 7th day is still to be observed even until this day. Examples: Seventh Day Baptists, Adventists. The Adventists believe that the 'mark of the beast' of Revelation is not keeping the seventh day Sabbath.


Salvation is not dependent on keeping the law or not keeping the law! (Rom. 3:20,28; 4:1-5; Gal. 2:16,21)

The Sabbath is the only ceremonial commandment given in the ten. (Col. 2:14-16)

The Sabbath was a sign given to Israel (Eze. 20:12,20), Jews seek for a sign (1 Cor. 1:22) and the Sabbath is a shadow of things to come (Col. 2:17). Note: (Rom. 14:5,6)

The Sabbath is the only commandment that is said to be a sign.

The Sabbath was given to Israel (Neh. 9:14; Eze. 20:12,20). Abraham, Isaac, Jacob, etc., never kept the Sabbath. (Gen. 2:2) tells us that God rested the seventh day, but does not call it the Sabbath. God gives to us an example to follow, but no commandment is found or kept by the Patriarchs in Genesis.

Jesus and Paul observed the Sabbath because they were Jews fulfilling the Old Testament law. Paul, after the revelation of the dispensation of the grace of God (Eph. 3:2), goes to the synagogue on the Sabbath to seize the opportunity to preach the gospel to the Jews, Acts 13:14; 17:10,17; 18:4; 19:8, not to "keep the law."

Note: (2 Cor. 3:7-14) - "to be done away" (vs. 7), "Which is done away" (vs. 11), "abolished" (vs. 13), "done away in Christ" (vs. 14).

(Gal. 3:24) the law was our schoolmaster to bring us unto Christ. (Rom. 3:19,20), "for by the law is the knowledge of sin."


A. (Acts 20:7) - The example of the disciples, they "came together", "broke bread", and "preached" on the first day.

B. (1 Cor. 16:2) - Again the example of the saints; they met on the first day and the offering was taken at this meeting.

C. (Acts 2:1-4) - The Holy Ghost filled and empowered the believers on the first day following the seven Sabbath, Pentecost -50, followed a Sabbath of weeks, (7 x 7), and on the 50th day, the Feast of Ingathering or Pentecost (Lev. 23) was celebrated. John 20:1 Christ rose from the dead on the first day of the week.

We as Christians are not worshipping the Sun on Sun-day, any more than an Adventists worship Saturn on Satur-day!


IV. "...A SHADOW OF THINGS TO COME."? (Col. 2:17)

How is the Sabbath a shadow of things to come?

[1]. The Seventh - thousand year Sabbath. (Rev. 20:1-7)

[2]. The eternal Sabbath. (Isa. 66:23)



[1]. "Not forsaking the assembling of ourselves together as the manner of some is; but exhorting one another; and so much the more, as ye see the day approaching. (Heb. 10:25)

[2]. Work 6 days, rest one!

[3]. The "Sabbath" (so called) observed by "Christianity", which many think is Sunday, when observed, served as a time of meditation, reflection, reminder that "there is a God in Heaven." (Dan. 2:28)

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