Study to shew thyself approved unto God, a workman that needeth not to be ashamed, rightly dividing the word of truth. 2 Tim. 2:15

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Galatians was taught by Dr. James Modlish

Chapter Four
(Lesson Four - 4:1-31)


Paul continues his presentation and argument against the Judaizers, trying to bring the Jews back under the Old Testament Jewish Law. Three arguments were presented in chapter three, three more follow here in chapter four.


I. The Dispensational Argument - (4:1-11)

In reading the Word of God it is evident that in history God has dealt with different people at various times in most different ways. For example, Abraham and Jacob saw the Lord as well as many other Old Testament and some New Testament saints. God has chosen to reveal himself and deal with Jews, Gentiles and the Church in different ways over the years. This is what we mean by Dispensationalism.

In verses one through eleven Paul pictures Israel under the dispensation of Law, and now under the dispensation of the Grace of God through Our Lord Jesus Christ. There is a difference!

Paul tells the Galatians that although the Jews were promised heirship, under the Law they really had no more than the Gentiles in that the-Law was a tutor or governor. Being under the tutor (the Law), that reduced them (the Jews) practically speaking, to no more than a servant themselves, in that one servant (the Law, schoolmaster) ruled over them. Through grace in the Lord Jesus Paul now asks: "Should you Galatians wish to reassume your role as a servant, or receive (through Christ) the blessing and promises given to the heir?" In (vs. 11) Paul says, "I'm afraid you folks just don't get the picture, have I wasted my time in trying to show you the difference between Law and Grace?" In effect Paul is saying "You are no longer a child, why do you want to go back into a second childhood under the bondage of Old Testament Law?"

II. The Sentimental Argument - (4:12-20)

In this fifth argument and second of chapter four, Paul appeals to the Galatians' emotions. Paul reminds them of his devotion to them - "through infirmity ...I preached ... to you" (vs. 13). "When I first preached to you, you received me as an angel, or as the Lord Jesus himself" (vs. 14).

In the next verse Paul hints at his infirmity of (2 Cor. 12:7-10). Whether this is merely a figure of speech or a direct reference to his physical handicap is not clear, yet, certainly it is implied. "Ye would have plucked out your own eyes and given them to me" (vs. 15). "Now after all we've been through together, the good relationship we've established, are you going to reject me and count me as an enemy because I tell you the truth?" (vs. 16).

In verse seventeen Paul says, "They have made a definite impression upon you, but it is that they might take advantage of you for their own personal gain." ,

"...until Christ be formed in you" - (vs. 19). Here is the filling of the Holy Spirit which is to be commanded in chapter five and typified in the fruits of the Spirit that are enumerated also in chapter five.

III. The Allegorical Argument - (4:21-31)

Paul now illustrates the difference between Law and Grace and their purposes, with a number of biblical types, intended by God to distinguish between them.

Most people that "desire to be under the Law" (vs. 21) have never really heard it. Failure to keep the Law in all points brings condemnation, damnation and a curse upon the individual.


Paul concludes his allegorical argument, (vs. 28-31): We are children of promise (see 3:17 18,19). We are as Isaac, his promise was heirship of his father's promises without the Mosaic Law. Yet, Isaac was persecuted by the older, Ishmael, as we that accept pure grace are being persecuted by the legalistic Jews. Nevertheless, (vs. 30) "cast out the bondwoman and son" (the Law) for the bondwoman and son are not heirs together with Isaac and those who accept pure grace. "We are... of the free" (vs. 31).

"And ye shall know the truth, and the truth shall make you free." in. 8:32

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Chapters: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6


Vs. 22 Isaac (vs. 28)
Vs. 22 free woman
Vs. 23 promise (vs. 28)
Vs. 23 spirit (vs. 29)
Vs. 24-26


Jerusalem (above)
mother of us all



Agar (Hagar)

Arabia (Sinai)